At the time of their 1985 debut, Camper Van Beethoven's merging of punk, folk, ska and world musics was truly a revelation. Self-described as "surrealist absurdist folk," the band formed in Santa Cruz, CA after singer-songwriter David Lowery of Redlands, CA, with his dry humor and valley-boy voice (sometimes confused for a faux English accent), and boyhood friends Chris Molla and Chris Pedersen disbanded Box of Laffs. Victor Krummenacher was added on bass and soon they were joined by Greg Lisher (guitar) and Jonathan Segel (violins, keyboards, mandolin). It was Segel's violin that would prove to be the band's hallmark at a time when alternative rock had yet to be invented, and indie-rock was still shy of roots music or traditional instruments.

The 1985 re-release of their debut Telephone Free Landslide Victory made the Top Ten in the 1986 Village Voice annual Pazz and Jop Poll, as did their second album, II & III, and Camper Van Beethoven, both released in 1986. On II & III, they went for a purer indie-rock sound with touches of country, as evidenced in their "Sad Lovers Waltz" and their cover of Sonic Youth's "I Love Her All The Time." The band deftly switched modes from punk to ska to rock on alternate takes, but by this time Molla had left the fold. The third album, confusingly titled Camper Van Beethoven, continued the thread, but the outstanding tracks, like "Joe Stalin's Cadillac," were all in the more straight-ahead indie-rock vein. However, the band would consistently blow people's minds by tossing around things like a reverent version of Pink Floyd's "Interstellar Overdrive." For their Virgin Records debut, subsequent with the label's U.S. re-launch in 1988, the band took a more serious tack for Our Beloved Revolutionary Sweetheart, and the band who had once been confined to low budgets and small studio facilities stretched out perhaps a little too aggressively.

For Key Lime Pie, the band's final release in 1989, they took it as far as it could go. Morgan Fichter had replaced Segel by this time. Krummenacher, Pedersen and Lisher continued to play together in what began as a side project in 1985, Monks of Doom, and turned into full-time jobs for them, with four albums and an EP to their credit. Though no longer working as the Monks, the trio, as well as Segel and Camper touring guitarist David Immergluck, continue to play together in various formations. Jonathan Segel released three albums as Hieronymous Firebrain from 1990-94 and two with Jack and Jill for the Magnetic label. Krummenacher released a solo record A Great Laugh, also for Magnetic, and continues to work with members of Tarnation in Lava. Immergluck and Fichter continue to tour and play sessions with bands of considerable renown (Counting Crows and Natalie Merchant respectively, among others); Lowery took some time off before forming Cracker, but didn't co-mingle with his former bandmates until reuniting with Krummenacher and Segel in late 1999 to assemble the bizarre rarities collection Camper Van Beethoven Is Dead. Long Live Camper Van Beethoven. A handful of West Coast reunion dates followed. ~ Denise Sullivan, All Music Guide